To begin with, trait theories focus largely on the normal, healthy adult, in contrast to psychoanalytic and other personality theories that focus largely on abnormal behavior. Personality can be defined in many ways. Personality theories that utilize the trait approach have proven popular among investigators of employee behavior in organizations. Personality traits affect individual employee behavior and overall success at work. Job attitudes are also moderately related to citizenship behaviors—more so than they are to job performance. Chapter 2 Understanding Individual DifferencesThe Concept of PersonalitySources of Personality DifferencesPersonality Structure*Personality and Behavior*The Concept of Attitude*Attitudes and BehaviorJob Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment*Individual Differences and Ethical Behavior*Case: Robert Princeton 1 But like a war Definition of Personality. . Attitudes and Behavior Attitudes do not normally predict or cause behavior in a simple and direct way Three principles relate attitudes to behavior: General attitudes best predict general behaviors Specific attitudes best predict specific behaviors 12 Kishwar Sayeed, Adviosr HR & … Two traits that affect an individual's view of themselves are self-concept and self-esteem . It includes perception, learning, motivation, and more. Personality is generally an established, stable, and constant characteristic; however, personalities do change. Perhaps one of the more useful definitions for purposes of organizational analysis is offered by Salvatore Maddi, who defines personality as follows: “. It includes perception, learning, motivation, and more. . For purposes of organizational behavior studies, personality has a strong impact on an individual’s behavior daily and in a given circumstance. influential article deemed personality effects in organizational behavior to be more illusory than real, concluding that ‘dispositions are likely to have only limited effects on attitudes and behavior inside organizations’ (Davis-Blake & Pfeffer, 1989, p. 396). Personality is defined as a set of traits that predict and explain a person’s behavior. For a time, this and other cautionary notes were influential. Personality and attitudes represent important micro, cognitively oriented variables in the study of organizational behavior. A meta-analytic review of attitudinal and dispositional predictors of organizational citizenship behavior. Personality represents the "whole person" concept. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 257–266; Wright, T. A., & Bonnett, D. G. (2002). Personality - Introduction. There are several reasons for this. Most people prefer to work with people who have a positive attitude. Personnel Psychology, 48, 775–802. Values are closely interwoven into personality, as our values often define our traits. As mencioned before the perception and the attribution are related to personality , so is important to understand well this concept to have a better panorama how those factors could affect the organizational behavior. The moderating effects of employee tenure on the relation between organizational commitment and job performance: A meta-analysis. personality and attitude 1. Personality and Attitudes Personality and attitudes represent important micro, cognitively oriented variables in the study of organizational behavior. Personality - Introduction. Our personality can help define our attitudes toward specific things, situations, or people. Personality represents the "whole person" concept. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 93–108; Organ, D. W., & Ryan, K. (1995). 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